Brillouin Energy's technology converts the hydrogen in ordinary water to helium gas, a process that releases large amounts of useful heat. Brillouin Energy technology allows this to happen safely at temperatures and pressures compatible with current industrial and chemical practices. Some people have called this process 'cold fusion,' 'low energy nuclear reactions (LENR)' or 'lattice-assisted nuclear reasons (LANR), all of which describe some aspects of this process. At Brillouin Energy, we call it a 'Controlled Electron Capture Reaction (CECR)' to highlight the method by which our technology promotes the key initial step in a multi-step process.
The process starts by introducing hydrogen -- most easily directly from ordinary water -- into a suitable piece of nickel (or other metal with the correct internal geometry). Brillouin's proprietary electronic pulse generator then creates stress points in the metal where the applied energy is focused into very small spaces. This concentrated energy allows some of the protons in the hydrogen to capture an electron, and thus become a neutron. This step converts a small amount of energy into mass in the neutron. Further pulses both create more neutrons and allow neutrons to combine with some of the hydrogen to form deuterium (a form of hydrogen with both a proton and a neutron in the nucleus). This 'combination' step releases energy. The process continues, again, with some neutrons combining with deuterium to form tritium (hydrogen with one proton and two neutrons). This step actually releases still more energy. The process continues with some neutrons combining with the tritium to form quadrium (hydrogen with one proton and three neutrons). Since quadrium is not stable, it quickly turns into helium in a process that releases more energy than it took to create all the preceding steps. (2.4 units of energy go in and 24 units come out). The released energy is initially absorbed by the metal element, and then made available as heat.
At lower temperatures, this generated heat can be used directly for space heating, hot water and similar applications. Further refinements of the Brillouin Energy system will produce the higher temperatures needed for electrical generation, dry industrial stream and industrial processes.
Only a very small amount of hydrogen is needed for this process to generate large amounts of heat. The amount of hydrogen in a 8-oz (237 ml) glass of water holds the energy equivalent of the gasoline needed fill up 7903 Ford Explorers or to power 3279 average homes for 1 month. The nickel or other metal element acts only as a host and catalyst, and is not consumed.
Those interested in how this technology will reach the market, please refer to Our Business Model.